Adolescents must follow an exercise regimen and avoid smoking and alcohol to control chronic kidney disease (CKD), he said.
Speaking to HT here, Bagai, who is Chief Executive Officer of Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, New Delhi, said up to 80 per cent of critically ill newborns suffer from acute renal failure. “Fewer than five per cent of CKD patients receive renal replacement therapy,” he added.
“We can check CKD by medication for hypertension, controlling blood sugar levels in diabetics, lifestyle changes and restricting sodium intake. Regular screening of children at the school level is crucial to early detection of symptoms for kidney ailments,” he added.
Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is commonly precipitated by acute gastroenteritis, blood loss, shock, inflammation of the liver and heart failure. But, India does not have many diagnostic methods or tests in place, which can help detect these abnormalities early, especially before the disease has become clinically manifest, informed Bagai.
“Various painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, herbal and alternative medicines also cause kidney injury,” he said.
Dr Ravi Angral, a transplant surgeon, said that grandparents and grandchildren of a patient would soon be able to donate their organs to them as “near relatives” as the Union Cabinet has approved amendments to existing laws for placing these before Parliament.
Earlier, the spouse, son, daughter, father, mother, brother and sister were considered “near relatives”.
It is estimated nearly 1.5 lakh people are diagnosed with kidney failure in India every year with transplant as the only way out. But, only about 3,000 such patients could avail organ transplant in a year due to stricture son possible donors under the present law. The amended law would benefit hundreds of such patients awaiting approval of authorization committees, Dr Angral maintained.
The law will make legal the giving of organs between unrelated families if organs of willing “near relative” donors are found incompatible.